Kanidm ships with a secure-by-default configuration, however that is only as strong as the environment that Kanidm operates in. This could be your container environment or your Unix-like system.
This chapter will detail a number of warnings and security practices you should follow to ensure that Kanidm operates in a secure environment.
The main server is a high-value target for a potential attack, as Kanidm serves as the authority on identity and authorisation in a network. Compromise of the Kanidm server is equivalent to a full-network take over, also known as "game over".
The unixd resolver is also a high value target as it can be accessed to allow unauthorised access to a server, to intercept communications to the server, or more. This also must be protected carefully.
For this reason, Kanidm's components must be protected carefully. Kanidm avoids many classic attacks by being developed in a memory safe language, but risks still exist.
At startup Kanidm will warn you if the environment it is running in is suspicious or has risks. For example:
kanidmd server -c /tmp/server.toml WARNING: permissions on /tmp/server.toml may not be secure. Should be readonly to running uid. This could be a security risk ... WARNING: /tmp/server.toml has 'everyone' permission bits in the mode. This could be a security risk ... WARNING: /tmp/server.toml owned by the current uid, which may allow file permission changes. This could be a security risk ... WARNING: permissions on ../insecure/ca.pem may not be secure. Should be readonly to running uid. This could be a security risk ... WARNING: permissions on ../insecure/cert.pem may not be secure. Should be readonly to running uid. This could be a security risk ... WARNING: permissions on ../insecure/key.pem may not be secure. Should be readonly to running uid. This could be a security risk ... WARNING: ../insecure/key.pem has 'everyone' permission bits in the mode. This could be a security risk ... WARNING: DB folder /tmp has 'everyone' permission bits in the mode. This could be a security risk ...
Each warning highlights an issue that may exist in your environment. It is not possible for us to prescribe an exact configuration that may secure your system. This is why we only present possible risks.
Files, such as configuration files, should be read-only to the UID of the Kanidm daemon. If an attacker is able to gain code execution, they are then unable to modify the configuration to write, or to over-write files in other locations, or to tamper with the systems configuration.
This can be prevented by changing the files ownership to another user, or removing "write" bits from the group.
This means that given a permission mask, "everyone" or all users of the system can read, write or execute the content of this file. This may mean that if an account on the system is compromised the attacker can read Kanidm content and may be able to further attack the system as a result.
This can be prevented by removing "everyone: execute bits from parent directories containing the configuration, and removing "everyone" bits from the files in question.
File permissions in UNIX systems are a discretionary access control system, which means the named UID owner is able to further modify the access of a file regardless of the current settings. For example:
[william@amethyst 12:25] /tmp > touch test [william@amethyst 12:25] /tmp > ls -al test -rw-r--r-- 1 william wheel 0 29 Jul 12:25 test [william@amethyst 12:25] /tmp > chmod 400 test [william@amethyst 12:25] /tmp > ls -al test -r-------- 1 william wheel 0 29 Jul 12:25 test [william@amethyst 12:25] /tmp > chmod 644 test [william@amethyst 12:26] /tmp > ls -al test -rw-r--r-- 1 william wheel 0 29 Jul 12:25 test
Notice that even though the file was set to "read only" to william, and no permission to any other users, user "william" can change the bits to add write permissions back or permissions for other users.
This can be prevent by making the file owner a different UID than the running process for kanidm.
Between these three issues it can be hard to see a possible strategy to secure files, however one way exists - group read permissions. The most effective method to secure resources for Kanidm is to set configurations to:
[william@amethyst 12:26] /etc/kanidm > ls -al server.toml -r--r----- 1 root kanidm 212 28 Jul 16:53 server.toml
The Kanidm server should be run as "kanidm:kanidm" with the appropriate user and user private group created on your system. This applies to unixd configuration as well.
For the database your data folder should be:
[root@amethyst 12:38] /data/kanidm > ls -al . total 1064 drwxrwx--- 3 root kanidm 96 29 Jul 12:38 . -rw-r----- 1 kanidm kanidm 544768 29 Jul 12:38 kanidm.db
This means 770 root:kanidm. This allows Kanidm to create new files in the folder, but prevents Kanidm from being able to change the permissions of the folder. Because the folder does not have "everyone" mode bits, the content of the database is secure because users can now cd/read from the directory.
Configurations for clients, such as /etc/kanidm/config, should be secured with read-only permissions and owned by root:
[william@amethyst 12:26] /etc/kanidm > ls -al config -r--r--r-- 1 root root 38 10 Jul 10:10 config
This file should be "everyone"-readable, which is why the bits are defined as such.
NOTE: Why do you use 440 or 444 modes?
A bug exists in the implementation of readonly() in rust that checks this as "does a write bit exist for any user" vs "can the current UID write the file?". This distinction is subtle but it affects the check. We don't believe this is a significant issue though, because setting these to 440 and 444 helps to prevent accidental changes by an administrator anyway
The commands provided in this book will run kanidmd as "root" in the container to make the onboarding smoother. However, this is not recommended in production for security reasons.
You should allocate unique UID and GID numbers for the service to run as on your host system. In
this example we use
You will need to adjust the permissions on the
/data volume to ensure that the process can manage
the files. Kanidm requires the ability to write to the
/data directory to create the database
files. This UID/GID number should match the above. You could consider the following changes to help
isolate these changes:
docker run --rm -i -t -v kanidmd:/data opensuse/leap:latest /bin/sh mkdir /data/db/ chown 1000:1000 /data/db/ chmod 750 /data/db/ sed -i -e "s/db_path.*/db_path = \"\/data\/db\/kanidm.db\"/g" /data/server.toml chown root:root /data/server.toml chmod 644 /data/server.toml
Note that the example commands all run inside the docker container.
You can then use this to run the Kanidm server in docker with a user:
docker run --rm -i -t -u 1000:1000 -v kanidmd:/data kanidm/server:latest /sbin/kanidmd ...
HINT You need to use the UID or GID number with the
-uargument, as the container can't resolve usernames from the host system.